A Hysterosalpingogram test (HSG) is afertility test, which includes an X-Ray test in order to view the inside of the uterus and the fallopian tubes, through which the eggs travel to the uterus. Blocked fallopian tubes could be a possible reason for infertility. The HSG test allows the doctor to diagnose blocked fallopian tubes and accordingly, offer appropriate medical treatment. Moreover, this procedure allows the specialist to observe other related issues, which include polyps, scar tissue and fibroids.
There are a number of ways you can prepare for a Hysterosalpingogram test procedure. This includes:
1. It is important to be completely informed about the entire process of the test. This includes knowing the reason why one might need the test, the measures that have to be taken before the HSG test,the procedure it involves, as well as the risk factors that come with it. For this, it is advisable to visit a fertility specialist.
2. It is advisable to furnish allthe medical details to the doctor before taking the test. This may include any medication thatone might be allergic to, if any medical tests were taken prior to this, if you are taking any blood- thinning medicines. It is also advisable to inform your doctor if you have any pelvic infection or issues related to the kidney. This will help the doctor diagnose the problem more accurately and accordingly, he can advise the patient on whether he/she would require any medication before the test in order to prevent infection.
3. One should take this test ideally between 2 to 5 days after menstruation has ended to ensure that they are not pregnant. The Hysterosalpingogram test procedure should also be undertaken before ovulatingin the following month. This helps in reducing the risk of taking the test while one might be pregnant.
4. The fertility specialist may advise the patient to take a painkiller on the day of the test, in order to prevent any discomfort or pain brought about by the test. Moreover, in some cases, the doctor may suggest antibiotics, which would help reduce the possibility of infection. There are generally no dietary restrictions before taking the test.
5. The HSG test for infertilityis generally a safe procedure. However, one may experience bleeding or discharge from the uterus after the test. Therefore, it is advisable to carry a sanitary napkin on the day of the test for precaution.
These are some of the measures one can take to be better prepared for theHSG test procedure. One may experience mild to serious cramps after the procedure, however the patient is allowed to resume daily activities after the test.