Experts believe that if a couple has been unsuccessful at having a baby for 6 to 12 months, a fertility test for women and semen analysis for men should be done immediately to understand the root cause of the problem. The following enlist 5 fertility tests for women to improve the chances of getting pregnant:
If the cause of infertility is attributed to having pelvic abnormalities, the fertility specialist may recommend getting a laparoscopy done. A laparoscopy could be described as a minimally invasive surgical procedure, used to view the organs that are inside the abdomen. This procedure involves inserting a fiber optic telescope, which is called a laparoscope, into the abdomen. Through this process, the doctor is able to examine and treat pelvic abnormalities.
A procedure, which helps the doctor examine the inside and lining of the uterus is known as a hysteroscopy. A hysteroscope, which is a thin fiber optic telescope, is inserted into the uterus through the cervix to look inside the uterus. This helps the specialist diagnose the cause of infertility, which could be due to a scar tissue in the uterus or size or shape of the uterus.
A Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is considered to be an infertility test, in which the doctor recommends an X-Ray that views the uterus, as well as the fallopian tubes. Blocked fallopian tubes could be a possible reason for infertility and this test allows the doctor to examine if this is the case and accordingly, give appropriate medical treatment. This also helps the doctor find out other problems related to infertility, such as polyps, adhesions and scar tissue.
4. Endometrial biopsy
An endometrial biopsy refers to a process by which the fertility specialist takes a sample of the lining of your uterus, which is also called endometrium, for the examination of abnormal cells. It allows the doctor to understand if the body’s hormone levels are in balance. This is done in order to understand if the endometrium can support pregnancy or not.
5. Postcoital test
This test, also called the Sims-Huhner test helps observe the interaction between the mucus of the cervix and the male partner’s sperm. This examination is generally undertaken right before ovulation when the mucus is in abundance. The couple is supposed to have intercourse two to four hours before the test and thereafter, the cervical mucus is taken to evaluate the status of the sperm. This helps determine the quality of the sperm and the environment of the vagina.
Fertility tests are important to diagnose the causes of facing difficulty in getting pregnant. It is important to consult a well-known fertility specialist to understand and undertake fertility test for women.