Not many couples are blessed with the ability to conceive naturally. However, technological advancements in the medical field have now made it possible for such individuals to conceive their own biological child. Amongst the different options available for conception, the intrauterine insemination treatment is one such option.
The IUI treatment is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperms inside the women’s uterus, similar to natural conception. However, the goal of the IUI procedure is to increase the chances of a sperm reaching the fallopian tube and thus fertilise the egg. While this procedure gives a sperm a higher chance of reaching the egg, it still has to reach and fertilise the egg just like the natural process.
Before the IUI procedure commences, the fallopian tubes are checked to see if they are open and healthy. This is normally done through a tubal patency test, as a part of the fertility clinic assessment. Through this process, a dye is injected through your cervix as the pelvis is inspected for blockages through a laparoscopy. Alternatively, you may undergo a hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography. This involves using a vaginal ultrasound probe that will check your fallopian tubes for any blockages.
The intrauterine insemination treatment differs from men to women. For women who are not on fertility drugs, the treatment is performed between day 12 and 16 of your monthly cycle, wherein which, day 1 is the first day of your period. You may need to undergo a urine or blood test to identify when you are about to ovulate. For women who are taking fertility drugs, a vaginal ultrasound scan will be used to track the development of your eggs. As soon as an egg reaches the mature stage, a hormone injection will be provided to stimulate its release.
At the same time, a sperm sample will be taken from the men. The sperms will be washed to remove any fluid surrounding them. The rapidly moving sperms will then be separated from the slower sperm and preserved until it has to be inserted into the uterus.
36 to 40 hours later, sperm will be inserted into the uterus. As a part of the IUI treatment, a speculum is inserted into your vagina to keep your vaginal walls apart. A small flexible catheter is then threaded into the womb via your cervix. A sperm of the highest quality is selected and inserted through the catheter.
Normally, the process only takes a few minutes, and is usually painless. Some women may also suffer from temporary menstrual like cramping. Your doctor may recommend resting for some time before resuming your daily activities.