More and more couples are being faced by infertility issues lately. Infertility could be a rather stressful as well as sensitive issuefor a couple. However, most couples are unaware that there are speciality fertility clinics in India that provide best-in-class treatment using latest equipment and processes.
Couples who are unable to conceive even after having unprotected sexual relationship for 12 months are said to be infertile. Infertility is of two types – primary and secondary. Primary infertility refers to a couple that has never been able to conceive. In secondary infertility, the couple had pregnancy earlier but is unable to conceive later. Causes of infertility in men include problems with sperm such as abnormal form, less in number or low motility while in women problems with fallopian tube, womb or cervix could cause infertility.
The ideal approach to identifying the cause of infertility is to visit a fertility clinic and obtain the services of fertility experts. Most cases of infertility can be resolved easily. Fertility hospitals offer investigative procedures for men and women. Investigative procedures for men include blood tests, urine examination and semen analysis. For women, investigative procedures such as complete blood count, thyroid, HIV and blood grouping, Hepatitis B and urine test. Depending on the results of these tests, further procedures such as serum test, HSG (Hysterosalpingogram), trans-vaginal ultrasonogram, laparoscopy may be prescribed for women.
Based on the results of the investigations, the cause is identified and appropriate treatment is initialized. Infertility treatment is known as Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART). Treatments are designed to increase the number of eggs or sperms and to bring them together thus improving the chance of pregnancy. Fertility hospitals offer a range of infertility treatments, right from basic lifestyle changes to advanced medical procedures, depending on the cause.
Initially, measures such as educating the couple regarding the fertile window, stress relieving techniques and abstinence from alcohol and smoking may be recommended. Further treatment measures include:
Medication to improve fertility–Tablets such as clomifene or injectable medication containing gonadotrophins
Surgery – If the cause of fertility is fallopian tube issues, endometriosis, PCOS, fibroids in women or varicoceles, epididymis in men; surgical treatment may be provided
Assisted conception– This includes methods such as in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), testicular sperm aspiration (TESA), embryo freezing excess, sperm/semen freezing and assisted hatching.
As infertility treatment needs specialised skill and infrastructure, it is recommended that you seek the services of the best fertility hospital in India. These hospitals will be best able to assess your treatment needs and have all the necessary resources to provide treatment under one roof.