In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) is known to be a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART), which helps couple conceive and nurture a child.
The procedure of IVF involves the collection of mature ovaries and sperms, after which they are fertilized in a lab and then transferred into the uterus of the female partner. Ideally, a complete cycle of IVF lasts for around 2 weeks.
This method of conceiving is time consuming and proves to be costly, thus one should opt to get it done from fertility centres offering the best IVF Treatment in Indiafor effective results.
What should a couple expect when undergoing IVF treatment?
The first step
Once it is established that the initial form of infertility treatment like medication is of no help, the current doctor will recommend a reproductive endocrinologist. In the first meeting the doctor generally asks about the medical historyand prior fertility treatment. Then the IVF treatment protocol that works effectively for you is discussed.
Initial tests and counselling
After the first meeting one has to go through various tests like ultrasound and blood tests. One may also have to attend a couple of counselling sessions with a psychologist, who prepares you emotionally for the treatment and possible repercussions.
Medication for egg development
The female partner is generally prescribed 2 weeks of fertility medication to promote egg growth. This medication is administered in the form of an injection. Expect to make about 5 visits to the IVF centre during the 2 weeks.
Egg harvesting process
At a calculated period after the medication is administered, the doctors harvest the eggs out of the fallopian tubes through a needle. Meanwhile, sperm samples are also collected from the male partner to prepare them for fertilization.
Transfer of embryo
A couple of days after the egg harvesting procedure, the embryo or embryos are transferred into the uterus of the female with the help of a thin catheter through the vagina. This procedure is quite painless in most cases.
The final results
Until the pregnancy test is taken, the female partner will have to take progesterone injections to help implantation. The injections are taken for about a period of 2 weeks after which a pregnancy test is done at the IVF centre for the final results.
IVF Procedures in India have a good success rate, but it may take 2-3 tries before positive results. Thus, a couple has to be patient and willing to accept the final results, be it negative or positive.