Everything you need to know about the infertility treatment in India

The private healthcare sector in India is growing fast, with more and more private hospitals and facilities being established in every city and town of the country. Indian healthcare facilities are primarily known for their state of the art infrastructure and technology, along with a great team of specialized doctors and staff.

Infertility treatmentis offered by many of these hospitals and clinics. In fact the country has about 500 and more infertility treatmentfacilities, offering couples facing problems with pregnancy a great chance to conceive effectively and become proud parents.

India does have some strict rules for infertility services and treatment, but all in all it attracts native patients as well as foreigners looking for medical help. In fact, even individuals looking to become a parent can opt to approach a fertility centre in the country.

When looking out for an infertility treatment in India, one should check if the centre has ISO certification along with ISAR certification. Some centres also have an additional JCI accreditation.

Most infertility treatment centres in India offer all of the 3 categories of fertility treatments. These include-

  • 1. Medication- Medicines are generally the first form of treatment recommended by doctors, in order to help improve fertility. Often medications are also grouped with the 2 other categories of treatment.
  • 2. Surgical methods- Surgical treatment is recommended by a doctor to couples when the cause of the infertility can be resolved only through surgery.
  • 3. Assisted conception- Commonly known as assisted reproductive technology (ART), the technique includes 4 types of procedures, which are-
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
  • Gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT)
  • Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

Some rules which fertility centres in Indian have to follow during the process of infertility treatment include-

  • If one has donated his sperms. They are allowed to be used even after his death. The sperms are controlled by a legal nominee of the deceased.
  • With a couples consent, embryos can be stored for a period of 5 years only. However, in some cases it is also extended to 5 years.
  • During assisted treatment not more than 3 embryos can be transferred. However, in special circumstances exceptions are allowed.
  • Women can only donate eggs 6 times.
  • Donor information is private and is not released by fertility centres.
  • Surrogacy in the country is legal.

When it comes to infertility treatment in India, one should get it done from a reputable centre offering cost effective treatment options, this is because in most cases infertility treatment is not insured.

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IVF treatment in India: All you need to know

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of common infertility treatment. It falls under the category of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and is mostly recommended for couples who are suffering from infertility issues like tubal factor infertility, endometriosis, unexplained infertility as well as male factor infertility.

It is known to have a very high success rate and is quite a versatile form of treatment. In fact, IVF treatment in India is quite affordable in many parts of the country. India is quite known for its fertility treatment centres, and some clinics have been exiting in the country since the past 30 years. Today, there are more than 500 centres for infertility treatment in the country, following extremely strict rules when it comes to various fertility treatments.

When choosing a clinic or facility offering IVF Procedures in India, a couple should be very careful. It is best that prior research is done about the facility before seeking treatment there. You can either look up reviews on the fertility centre online or ask if any of your family members or friends know about it.

Here are a couple of things you should be careful about when looking out for a centre offering IVF treatment in India-

  • Make sure it is ISAR certified. ISAR stands for Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction.
  • The centre should also have ISO certification and accreditation from JCI.

When opting for IVF Procedures in India, one should also be aware of some of the guidelines that need to be followed. Here are a few that you doctor will let you know or you can look up online, once you have decided to undergo IVF treatment-

  • In India, sex selection of the foetus is allowed only if there is a possibility that the child is likely to develop a disorder passed on by the X chromosome.
  • Donor sperm is not allowed to be used in fertility treatments other than IVF.
  • For women donating eggs, the age requirement is between 18-35 years.
  • Egg donors have to go through tests that check for infection, STDs and genetic issues.
  • IVF surrogacy as well as assisted hatching is allowed in the country
  • Micromanipulation is also allowed

The country is known to have quite a large and still growing healthcare sector, this also includes fertility centres. Thus, IVF Procedures in India are not only quite safe but also highly successful. The country has immensely qualified fertility doctors and healthcare services that strive to offer the best medical care to Indian’s and even foreigners seeking treatment for infertility and other medical issues.

Facing infertility problems? Here’s how a Infertility treatment centre can help

Infertility may be defined as the inability to conceive a child, after 12 months or more of trying. About 15% of couples suffer from infertility, because of problems with either the male or female partner. In some cases infertility results because of medical issues with both.

With the progress of medical science, a number of infertility treatments have been introduced, which effectively help couples and even individuals conceive. Special infertility treatment centres are coming up these days to offer medical treatment to couple having issues with infertility.

An infertility treatment centre may be defined as a healthcare service facility which primarily specialises in the treatment of fertility related issues.

Various fertility treatments offered at an infertility treatment centre include-

  • In-vitro fertilization
  • Intrauterine insemination
  • Hormonal medication for egg release
  • Counselling

For couples who want to conceive, but are hesitant to approach an infertility treatment centre due to social taboos, or a sense of awkwardness, here are a few ways in which an infertility clinic will help you resolves your problems-

  • An infertility treatment centre has qualifies specialists in the field, who will ask you about your medical history and acquire all the relevant information about one’s lifestyle. Depending on the information one provides they will order certain fertility tests which may include hormone tests, semen analysis, blood tests, ultrasound etc.
  • Depending on the test results the doctor will make an effective diagnosis and explain the problem to you. This will help you understand the fertility problem you or your partner is facing, so that you can take a decision to get it treated.
  • Infertility centres not only diagnose issues but also treat them. The doctor will guide you through infertility treatment.
  • Such centres also offer a counselling option for couple’s, in case they need to emotionally cope up with the entire problem and treatment.
  • Infertility treatment can take quite a toll on a couple and doctors and staff at infertility centres are trained to help patients deal with it.
  • Moreover, they give one hope to successfully bring life into the world and become proud parents.

When choosing an infertility treatment centre in India, make sure it is the best. It should have a good reputation and a set of qualified doctors. Conduct a thorough research in various clinics in the city before opting for one in particular. To find the best read reviews online and talk to family and friends if they have aware of an established infertility treatment centre.

What factors must you consider before choosing a fertility clinic?

As per recent statistics, 1 among every 6 couples face problems while conceiving. Thus, a fertility clinic is a healthcare facility which offers assistance to couples and even individuals who want to conceive, but are facing medical problems.

With the advancement of medical science a number of fertility centres have come up during the recent years. Thus, couples face some amount of confusion when it comes to choosing the fertility hospital that will suit them best.

The following are a few factors that should be considered when choosing a fertility clinic in India

  • Determine the fertility clinic which suits you best- When a couple comes to the point of choosing a fertility centre, it definitely entails that they have consulted a doctor first. Thus, make sure that you clarify with your doctor the kind of fertility treatment you need. Accordingly, choose a fertility centre popularly known for that particular treatment.
  • Determine success rate- It is important that one considers the success rate of a fertility hospital, when looking around. A decent success rate is anywhere above 30%. A number of fertility clinics feature false live birth rates, thus, make sure that you do not get fooled.
  • Determine the location- A fertility treatment entails that one will have to visit the centre more than a couple of times. Therefore it is important to make sure that the location of the fertility hospital is quite near your home or work place. Thus, you can easily avoid the stress of travelling for a long period of time to reach the centre.
  • Determine the cost of treatment- In case of most medical treatment the cost is a final determining factor. Ensure that you get clarity on the cost of the treatment before choosing a fertility clinic. Most fertility treatments are not covered by insurance companies. Hence, before making a decision find out if the treatment is under insurance coverage or not. If not, set a budget for the fertility treatment and look around for clinics and facilities offering cost effective and safe treatment options.
  • Determine quality of service- A good experience is quite important when it comes to fertility treatment. Thus make sure that the facility is well equipped and employs credible staff who are always willing to help and clear doubts whenever the need arises.

Opting for a fertility treatment is a big decision for a couple, to ensure a pleasant and fruitful experience find relevant information and choose the best fertility clinic in India.

What to expect during an HSG procedure

Among various fertility tests, hysterosalpingogram test (HSG) is known to be a unique type of x-ray, which helps determine fertility in women. A HSG test is generally an outpatient procedure and takes about half an hour to do.

What happens during a HSG test for infertility?

The HSG test procedure allows the doctor to observe the uterus walls and the fallopian tube for any damage. It thus, gives medical specialists an idea about the shape and size of the uterus and whether there are any polyps or fibroids present.

During the HSG test, a dye is introduced into the uterus for x-ray imaging through a device called the speculum. The speculum is initially inserted into the vagina, which feels very similar to getting a Pap smear test done. The dye fills the uterus and the 2 tubes finally spilling out giving doctors a view of any blockage or impairment.

When is a HSG test for infertilitydone?

The HSG test is done just after a period is over and before the ovulation cycle begins again. Such a time is chosen, to basically avoid the risk of doing the test during a possible pregnancy. The procedure does not use general anaesthesia, and the patient remains awake. A pain killer is administered an hour before the test. A few doctors also prescribe antibiotics, in order to prevent infection.

What can you expect during a HSG procedure?

During the procedure you will be asked to lay down and place your legs on stir-ups. The doctor will then proceed to conduct a pelvic exam, after which he will place the speculum just inside the vaginal area. The cannula is inserted into the cervix through the speculum, and the dye is introduced.

As the dye fills into the uterus and the fallopian tubes, one generally feels a warming sensation. In case of blockage you may also feel pain. In this case be sure to inform the doctor immediately.

For better imaging the doctor may also ask you to change position, which can get a bit uncomfortable. Once all the images are obtained, the speculum is removed from the vagina and discharge is given after sometime of rest.

HSG test is quite safe, but there are certain risk factors, which one has to be careful of. Infection may develop after the test. One may also experience fainting spells or feel a bit dizzy during and post-test. Iodine allergy is very rare, but one should get tested for it before the test.

Fertility testing: what is it and why should you go for it?

If a couple are trying to conceive a child but are unable to do so for more than a year, one should consider going to a doctor and getting fertility tests done. A fertility test basically determines why a couple is facing problems with pregnancy.

It is generally recommended that the male and female partner go for fertility testing together. This is because the first time a couple visits the doctor, he inquires about their medical history and the kind of lifestyle they lead. Certain questions that he may put forth are about-

  • Long term or recent health conditions
  • Current medication
  • Addiction to smoking or alcohol
  • Excess caffeine intake
  • Frequency of sex
  • Birth control history
  • Problems with sex
  • Problems with Sexually transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Certain questions that he may ask the female partner are along the line of-

  • A prior pregnancy
  • Irregular periods
  • Cases of spotting
  • Appearance of large blot clots

Depending on the answers to the above questions doctors recommend fertility tests for women and men alike.

Why take an infertility test?

A couple should opt for an infertility testto determine the exact cause and extent of the problem, so that relevant treatment can be started. A successful treatment will allow the couple to conceive and nurture a child happily. Fertility testing makes couple realise exactly what is wrong with them, so that they can seek treatment and make necessary changes in lifestyle. This to a great extant also proves to control future complications.

Some fertility tests for women are-

  • Pap smear a Pap smear is a test which effectively detects health conditions like cervical cancer or an STD, which may be interfering with pregnancy.
  • Thyroid tests- detects hormonal issues
  • Hysterosalpingogram- X-rays of the fallopian tube along with the uterus, to check for damage or blockage.
  • Hysteroscopy- Uses a flexible tube, put inside the uterus to detect problems
  • Laparoscopy- A surgery which checks the pelvis region for any damage.

Some fertility tests for men are-

  • Semen analysis- it determines the sperm count and quality of sperms.
  • Scrotal ultrasound- The ultrasound helps detect scrotal problems
  • Hormone testing- done to check hormone imbalance
  • Genetic tests- done due to low sperm count
  • Testicular biopsy- to determine if there is a blockage that is preventing sperm transfer.

A couple should get an infertility test done to find out the exact cause of the problem so that they can receive relevant treatment and try for a baby thereafter

What to expect during an IUI procedure

Intrauterine insemination (IUI), is a kind of artificial insemination method which treats infertility. The procedure involves the placement of sperm into the uterus just when the ovaries are ready to release eggs for fertilization.

The initial method of insemination placed the male sperm into the vaginal area. This was a much easy method but did not have very may success rates. Newer technology places the sperms directly into the uterus of the female and is more successful than the former method.

IUI treatment is done to increase the chances of pregnancy through natural fertilization.

What should a couple expect during an IUI procedure?

During the initial meeting with the concerned doctor, both the partners are questioned about their medical history and causes of infertility. On the basis of this information the doctor explains the procedure for IUI treatment.

As per the female partner’s ovulation period, a date is set. IUI treatment for pregnancyis a simple procedure which takes about a few minutes to do. The procedure is generally performed at the office or clinic of the doctor. Moreover, no medication or for that matter pain reliever is required during the time of the procedure. Generally the doctor himself, or a specially trained nurse conducts the intrauterine insemination treatment.

What happens during the time of the procedure?

The female partner is asked to lie down, after which her legs are strapped. An instrument called the speculum is then inserted into the vagina. The feeling is similar to when you get a Pap test done. Once the insertion is done, a catheter with a healthy sperm at the end is then inserted into the vagina, which is directed all the way into the uterus. The sperm is placed in the uterus and the catheter, along with the speculum is removed.

What happens once the procedure is done?

After the IUI procedure is completed, one is asked to rest for some time after which they can leave the clinic and resume daily activities. Although, one may experience a bit of spotting for a day or two following the IUI procedure.

Most couples who have undergone intrauterine insemination treatment are asked to wait for about 2 weeks before doing a pregnancy test. Waiting for 2 weeks and more is a must. A pregnancy test done too soon may result in either a false negative or a false positive, which can prove to be quite disappointing.

Most doctors ask couples to return to the clinic for a blood test, for guaranteed results.